Adélie Land
Adélie Land is the portion of the Antarctic coast between Pourquoi Pas Point at 66°12′S, 136°11′E and Point Alden at 66°48′S, 142°02′E, with a shore length of 350 km and with its hinterland extending as a sector about 2600 km toward the South Pole. It is one of four districts of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands (other districts includes Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul, Iles Crozet and Iles Kerguelen in Indian Ocean). Since the land is all South of the 60° parallel, its affiliation with the French Southern and Antarctic Lands is suspended by the Antarctic Treaty. The land area, mostly ice covered, is estimated at 432 000 km2, under French sovereignty since 1938.

Since January 12, 1956, there has been a permanently staffed French research base, Dumont d'Urville Station, with a winter population of 33, which goes up to 78 in the Antarctic summer. The first French station, Port Martin, was built April 9, 1950 at 66°49′S, 141°23′E, but destroyed by fire on January 21, 1952. France has also maintained an inland station on the Antarctic ice sheet, 300 km from the coast and from Dumont d'Urville Station, at an elevation of 2400 meters, Charcot Station at 69°22′S, 139°01′E, from January 1957 to 1960, which housed only three men.

 
Adélie Land borders on the Australian Antarctic Territory both West and East, namely on Claire Land (part of Wilkes Land) in the West, and George V Land in the East. The coast was discovered in 1837 by French explorer Jules Sébastien César Dumont d'Urville, who named it after his wife, Adélie.
 
 
The Adélie Land 25 mm diameter, plain edge coins are designed by Fred Richard Zinkann and minted at Pressed Metal Products. I got the 25 Francs 2005 Titanium coin from Elizabeth Anne Zinkann (ezinkann@comcast.net). One side displays Fleur-de-lis and anchor while the other features penguins and crown. The dies broke during the minting of the fourth iridium coin, putting the minting to a halt. Below are their mintage and information in various metals:
 
Metal Year Weight Mintage Edge
         
Copper (Cu) 2005 5.5g 02 Plain
Iridium (Ir) 2005 13.6g 04 Plain
Molybdenum (Mo) 2005 5.2g 01 Plain
Nickel (Ni) 2005 5.3g 52 Plain
Silver (Ag) 2005 6.2g 45 Plain
Titanium (Ti) 2005 3.7g 09 Plain
Copper Nickel (CuNi) 2005 (2007) 5.7g 50 Plain
Hafnium (Hf) 2005 (2007) 6.9g 10 Plain
 
Information on Titanium:

Symbol: Ti, Atomic Number: 22, Atomic Weight: 47.867 g/mol, Density: 4.506 gˇcm−3, Melting Point: 1668 °C. Titanium is a lustrous, lightweight, strong metal with excellent corrosion resistance. It is the ninth most abundant element in the earth's crust. Titanium is resistant to most acids and corrosive environments, however the finely divided form will burn brilliantly in air, and is the only known substance to burn in nitrogen. The main process for extracting titanium metal is by reducing its chloride (a liquid at room temperature) with magnesium. Titanium is as strong as steel, but about half the weight. As a result the metal is extensively used in the aerospace industry, usually as the main ingredient in an alloy. The dioxide is a white powder and is extensively used for the white base in paint. Titanium is physiologically inert, making it a good material to create artificial hips and other biological implants.

 
 
Micro-Nations
 
Chiefa Coins