The Confederacy existed from February 1861 until
April 1865. The
Confederate States of America reportedly struck four sample half dollars in
1861, using the Seated Liberty obverse die supplied for striking U.S. half
dollars at the New Orleans mint, and a specially prepared new C.S.A. reverse
These original four coins
are impossible to price.
In 1879, one of the coins, along with the reverse die,
was acquired by J. W. Scott of New York, who then obtained a quantity of
U.S. 1861-0 half dollars and created 500 Confederate "restrikes". He also
struck some half dollar-size tokens with the same reverse. Scott restrikes
are valued at $2,500-5,000; Scott tokens, $500-1,500.
Besides these is the 1 cent 1861 (1874) by Captain J.W. Haseltine.
Now, for this newest incarnation of CSA coinage, a cluster of
Silver Dollar commemorative coins have been designed by Richard O. Liptock
of Humboldt, Tennessee. His Web-site (http://www.csasilverdollar.com)
affirms that “In 1996 I was trying to find a silver coin that had the
Rebel Battle Flag on it. To my amazement, no mint had ever produced one.
So, I decided to see how much it would cost to have one made myself. When
I called the first mint, I told them that I wanted the battle flag on one
side...right away they told me that I could not have that coin made
because it was not politically correct. They said that I would never be
able to get a coin like that made.” When another mint turned him down
and also refused to give him a price, this fueled his determination.
“After six months I finally found a mint that would make my coin if I
signed an agreement stating that they were not liable for any law suits
that may result.” During a subsequent telephone conversation with Mr.
Liptock, he clarified that his quest for a mint in fact began in 1994.
There are 13 Silver Dollars in the “Rebels Of Liberty” series, and 4
in the “Reflections Of The Confederacy” series. Mr. Liptock, can be directly
contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org.
As companion-pieces, “1861” German silver 1/10
(dime) and copper 1/100 (penny) demi-restrikes also exists. These attractive
fractional pieces were made around 1955 for the upcoming centennial of the
Civil War. They can be seen at: http://www.csacurrency.com/csacoin/csafcoin.htm
More recently, I was alerted to another CSA coin, completely unrelated in
origin to the ones mentioned above. This piece is a silver One Confederate
Dollar dated 2002. The person who designed it and had it minted is a
“Southern Patriot” named Henri Klingler (of Jesup, Georgia), who is a
supporter of The Southern Nation (TSN), a Southern nationalist
group/e-list and Web-site, “created for the honourable and noble Cause
of restoring and advancing the Southern nation”. Mr. Klingler also
happens to be the great-grandnephew of a Confederate cavalry colonel (whom
he describes as “a somewhat renowned small-unit commander of a band of
guerilla-type fighters during the war.”) named John Singleton Mosby (the
legendary “Grey Ghost”). The coin can be viewed by scrolling down this
page to the “Silver Dollar Gift Shop”, from where it can be purchased.
The information on this link about the coin can be summarized as:
The above coin shown
another variant, struck for the centennial by the Coin-of-the-Month Club,
Sioux Falls, South Dakota in various metals (Silver, Copper-Nickel-Zinc,
Bronze Oxidized, Copper-Nickel-Zinc Oxidized, Bronze Golden, Bronze Gilt). All
of these coins produced by this club are listed for $5 or less; and the .925
silver is valued at $15.
Despite that the Confederacy had two mints: one in New
Orleans and another in Dahlonega, Georgia, they had no precious metal to
produce Silver or/and Gold coins. The reverse of the coin is the authentic “Great Seal of The Confederacy.”
The colonial horseman is George Washington. Remember, Washington was a
Virginian, a Southern gentleman and hero, not only of the USA, but
especially for the CSA. The wreath surrounding Washington is there to
remind us of the South’s agrarian nature, its roots and lifestyle.
The wreath consists of the South’s six main staples: corn, wheat, tobacco,
sugar cane, rice, and cotton. “DEO VINDICE,"
the motto of the Confederacy, is Latin for “God will vindicate.”
22 February 1862 is not only George Washington’s birthday, it is the date
the Confederate Constitution was adopted.
purchased my Half Dollar ND (1961), Copper-Nickel-Zinc coin from Oded Paz.
all the above mentioned CSA coins are shown in "4th edition of the Unusual
World Coins by Colin R. Bruce II, edited by Tom Michael & George Cuhaj",
under "United States of America" category.