This is a small island (roughly triangular in shape,
each side being approximately 400 meters in length) located deep in
Denmark's Roskilde Fjord. It is in the east coast of Denmark.
journey from Roskilde takes 17 minutes by rowboat. The Kingdom was born on August 27, 1944, after a
group of professors / school teachers, under the leadership of Hans Neerbek,
purchased the island for use as a summer camp. They proclaimed the
island's tongue-in-cheek "independence" as a Kingdom as a gentle parody of
the government structure and royal traditions of Denmark.
Capital: Maglelille. Language:
Interlingua (an international language along the lines of Esperanto, but
based on Latin). Camping is the only option. There’s no electricity or water
on the island.
Prior to 1944 the
island was known mainly as the location at which the early Nordisk Film,
Løvejagten på Elleore was shot, in 1907. In 1962, a form of Neo-Latin called Interlingua
became their official tongue (Neerbek had founded the Danish Interlingua
Union in 1960).
little known outside Scandinavia it is one of the longest-lived
micronations of the modern era. Their location is approximately 55°41'10"N
and 12°03'40"E and comprises a claimed area of 15,000 sq meters.
traditions peculiar to the kingdom have evolved over the subsequent decades,
including a ban on the novel Robinson Crusoe, and the use of "Elleore
Standard Time", which is 12 minutes ahead of Danish time. Many of the place
names on the island, the kingdom's "government" and the titles assumed by
its "nobility" are parodies of Danish equivalents. They purported
organizational structure constitutional monarchy.
The island is
flat with small hills, a lake and a little forest. Birds are the only
permanent inhabitants (including a large colony of Mute Swans and a Herring
Gull colony) and the national animal is a lion, a creature that holds a very
special place in Elleorian lore. Roskilde Fjord is in fact a bird reserve,
which is why the Danish authorities ordered the Elleorians to destroy their
castle in 1958 in order to minimize human intervention on Elleore.
unoccupied save for a week-long annual gathering attended by dozens of
"citizens" and known as the "Elleuge" (meaning Elle-week). The ceremonial
enthronement of the reigning monarch takes place at this time.
has issued numerous stamps and coins. The silver 11 Disser coin minted in
1969 is believed to be the first precious metal coin produced by a
micronation, pre-dating a 1970 release by the libertarian Atlantis project.
It has periodically minted coins
since 1969. They introduced Leo D'or as their currency since 1979.
The island's only permanent residents are birds; it is
uninhabited by people for 51 weeks of the year, but during seven days in
July, citizens are permitted to visit and go camping there. Their
Motto is "Let us help one another" and Anthem is "Ave nostre patria".
Based on information
supplied by Prime Minister J K Nielsen, Earl Campi Deux, the line of
Elleore's royal rulers are:
Erik I (reigning
Leo I den Lille (1949-60)
Erik II den Storartede (1961-72)
Leo II den Folkekære (1972-86)
Queen Leodora I
den Dydige (1986-2003)
Leo III (22
February, 2003 - date)
coin seems to have been a “Regno de Elloria” 11 Disser piece dated
1969. In addition, there's a 1979 1 Leo d'Or, a 1983 2 Leo d'Or, a 1984 3
Leo d'Or and a 2003 2 Leo d'Or. Elleore, which once claimed to be the “world’s smallest Kingdom”,
has also issued many postage stamps over the decades.
Their first king Erik I, whose
motto was ‘Let us help one another’. Each subsequent
king has had their own motto, including King Leo the
1st (’Seriousness and Merriment’); Erik the 2nd
(’Faith above Trust’); Leo the 2nd (’Hope to the
Sea’); and the current King Leo the 3rd (’With Lion
and People for the Kingdom’). Erik the 2nd’s wife,
by the way, was known as Queen Lilian the Happy One,
leading one to wonder whether Monty Python took
Elleore as their inspiration for their ‘Happy
Valley’ episode (you know, the one with the happy
Princess with the Wooden Teeth).
Domination: 11 Disser
Obverse: Shield of Elleore
Reverse: Royal Cipher of Erik II
Year: 1969 Medal: Silver
Diameter: 25 mm
Obverse: Arms of Elleore
Reverse: King Leo II
Year: 1979 Medal: Copper-plated
Diameter: 35 mm
Obverse: Grand Duke of Kajsnude's Arms
Reverse: King Os (not Leo III)
Year: 1983 Medal: Antiqued Copper
Diameter: 35 mm
appears to be some controversy surrounding the 1983 coin that features a
king identified as Leo III. According to Prime Minister Nielsen, it displays the double profile of the Grand Duke of Kajsnude,
who was "crowned for one day" in 1983, and reigned as King Os I,
although the coronation was only considered symbolic, and he is not
officially listed as a King of Elleore. Mr Nielsen states that the coin was
prepared in advance of the coronation, and that the use of the name Leo III
was a mistake.
Obverse: Archduke of
Nør Len's Arms
Reverse: Hans Neerbek
Year: 1984 Medal: Bronze
Diameter: 35 mm
man featured is Hans Neerbek, the founder of the Kingdom
of Elleore, who is known as "His Grace the
Archduke of Nør Len". The
Danish inscription on this coin translates as "Father of the Kingdom,
Our Beloved". The Archduke was the brother of Leo II, but never reigned
as king himself.
Obverse: Arms of Elleore
Reverse: Queen Leodora I
Year: 2003 Medal: Nickel-plated
Diameter: 35 mm
I purchased all the above coins
from Oded Paz.
The ruins of Krune Monastery, or the large stone that
was laid when the monks first landed; it’s inscribed with the legend, ‘Hic
est locum’ (’This is the place’). Elleorians call the stone ‘Anstødsstenen’
(’The Stumbling Block’) and today it’s been moved slightly to the south of
its original location. There’s a museum in Jyllinge, near Roskilde, that
contains Elleorian relics. The ’state’ boats Elfin and Sealion make the
journey during Elleorian Week. Note that while only Elleorians have
permission to camp on the island, it’s forbidden for anyone to land on any
of the fjord islands during the bird-breeding period (from April 1 until
July 15). At any other time Elleore is private property. You might try
asking for an appointment to visit, but this is rarely granted to non-Elleorians.
If you just want to take a look at the Kingdom, try the Sagafjord boat (www.sagafjord.dk;
adult/child DKK89/39), which traverses up and down the fjord – twice past
Elleore. During Elleorian Week the islanders salute the boat and the boat
salutes them with gunshots. Mind your head. The other way to visit is to
take out citizenship, and that can be done one of two ways. For the first
you’ll need to be 12 and enrolled at Kildegaard School (one of the original
schools founded by the Immortals); all Kildegaard 12-year-olds are given the
chance to enrol in the Land Forces’ Under-graduation Course, effectively an
introduction course to Elleorian culture. After that the pupils can decide
whether to become citizens or not. The second way is a bit more accessible:
you’ll need to be recommended by at least two citizens.
• A Kingdom of No Comparison (1991). This book took ‘17 years and three
computer systems to finalize’ and features pictures and essays written by