Islamic Mint
Islamic Mint is situated in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. It has produced the Islamic Dinar and Islamic Dirham. The revelation undertook because the wealth in these coins can be calculated directly by weight for zakah, marriage and hudud according to Islamic teaching and implementation.

Umar Ibn al-Khattab (second caliph of the Muslim also known as Abu Hafs Umar ibn al-Khattab al-Adawi, reigned from 634 to 644 CE) established the known relationship between them based on their weights: "10 dirhams must be equivalent to 7 dinars (mithqals)". The weight of a mithqal of gold is seventy-two grains of barley, so that the dirham which is seven-tenths of it is fifty and two-fifths grains. In the year 75 AH (695 CE) Caliph Abul Walid Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (reigned from 685 to 705 CE) ordered Al-Hajjaj to mint the first Dirhams and in 77 AH (696 CE), the first standard gold Dinar were minted. In the next years these coins were minted in all the regions of Islam. He ordered that the coins should be stamped with the sentence: "la ilaha ill' Allah" (Allah is Unique, Allah is Eternal). He also ordered to remove human figures and animals from the coins and to be replaced with letters. Gold and silver coins remained official currency in Islamic regions until the fall of the Caliphate in 1918. This indicates that the Islamic Gold Dinar was the currency of the Muslim community from its first years right up to the fall of the Ottoman Empire (Osmanli dynasty).

 
Zakāt (or Zakah) is the third of the five pillars of Islam. Zakāt refers to spending fixed portion of one's wealth for the poor and needy in the society after reaching Nisab (minimum amount liable to Zakāt). It is applicable to cash money, gold, silver, commercial commodities, cattle and harvest after completing one Lunar year (254 days). Nisab is calculated at the beginning and end of the year. Any decrease or insufficiency in between is overlooked. Any increase of property after reaching the Nisab during the year is to be included in the total sum counted for Zakah. This is considered the easiest and most applicable among the other juristic views, which has made the majority of scholars adopt it.

According to a prophetic hadith, "Gold is not liable to Zakah unless it reaches twenty dinars (20 X 4.25g =  85g). Once it reaches this amount, half a dinar must be paid as Zakah on it." Likewise, silver is not counted for Zakah unless it reaches two hundred dirhams (200 X 2.975 = 595 grams). Once it reaches this value, an amount of five dirhams must be paid as Zakah on it.

Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad was the Prime Minister of Malaysia from 1981 to 2003. He gave the idea to the Muslim community to use Islamic Dirhams and Dinars, in trade and well as in their daily life to overcome finance situations.

Datuk Seri Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad addressed the Sana Police Academy, Yemen on 17th June 2001 and said that "Nobody can oppress Muslim as long as they work together to remain united and strong". During his speech he also said "If you hold the dinar as reserves and trade is done using the gold dinar, it's possible to stabilize the value of a currency". 

Further more Dato Seri Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad addressed on the 20th Al-Baraka Symposium for Islamic Economies. He said that Malaysia has fixed the exchange rate against the US Dollar, RM3.8 equals one US Dollar. Since 85 percent of our trade is paid in US Dollar this makes trading easier. There can be no doubt that this fix exchange rate has contributed much to the high growth of Malaysian world trade post turmoil. Unfortunately since the currencies of our trading partners fluctuate against the US Dollar, their earnings or losses cannot be correctly ascertained.
Dr. Umar Ibrahim Vadillo, Pioneer of the Dinar’s reintroduction and director of E-Dinar Ltd, is known as the designer of these coins. He is also the author of books, written on Islamic finance and Economics. Among his books are "The Fatwa on Paper Money", "The Return of the Gold Dinar" and "The Esoteric Deviation in Islam", published by Medinah Press.

One more reasons given for the continued insane rise in Wall Street has been the flow of money out of the Asian countries into the U.S. markets in search of a safe haven. The Islamic Gold Dinar was officially launched on 07th Nov 2001 by Islamic Mint. The gold coins are now available in all the seven emirates of United Arab Emirates through branches of Thomas Cook Rostamani Exchange Company and Dubai Islamic Bank, who have jointed forces with Islamic Mint for the launch.

The State Government of Kelantan, the northeast Sultanate of Malaysia has officially adopted the Islamic Dinar as its economic policy. This means that Islamic Dinar will circulate through the hands of hundreds of thousands of people in a physical form. It seems possible that as word of this movement travels among Muslims, demands to open accounts and begin using this measure of exchange could grow very rapidly in the Muslim world.

Arabic Description on the these Coins:
Inner Circle: known as kalima-e-tayyabah, which is the first pillar of Islam. It says: "There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah".
Outer Circle, Anti-clockwise from the five petal flower: Wa Inna Hadhihi Ummatukum Ummatan Wahidatan Wa Ana Rabbukum Fa-Attaqun [And verily this Brotherhood of yours is a single Brotherhood, and I am your Lord and Cherisher: therefore fear Me (and no other)]. This verse is taken from Qur'an Chapter# 23 [Al-Mumenoon (The Believers)], Verse# 52.
 
Weights and Measures:  Islamic Dinar 22K gold (.917) equivalent to 4.25 grams 23mm diameter.
                                          Islamic Dirham 0.925 pure silver equivalent to 2.975 grams 25mm diameter.
Besides 1 Dirham in silver and 1 Dinar gold coins, 5 Dirhams in silver and 2 Dinars in Gold also exists. The silver coins show the Kaaba. All the muslims face the Kaaba during their five time prayers in a day, which is the second pillar of Islam. A mosque is already existing around the Kaaba known as Masjid al-Haram in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. The gold coins shows the tomb of Muhammad. It is attached to the Masjid-an-Nabawi [Mosque of the Prophet] in Medina, Saudi Arabia.
 
Allah says in the Qur'an:

And amongst the People of the Book there are those who, if you were to entrust them with a treasure (qintar), he would return it to you. And amongst them is he who, if you were to entrust him with a dinar would not return it to you, unless you kept standing over him. That is because, they say, "there is no call on us (to keep faith) with these ignorant (Pagans / Gentiles)." but they tell a lie against Allah, and (well) they know it. This verse is taken from Qur'an [Chapter#3 Aal-e-Imran (The House (Family) of Imran)], Verse# 75.

Qadi Abu Bakr Ibn al-Arabi, the greatest authority on Qur'anic Law wrote in his famous "Ahkam al-Qur'an" about this ayat: "The benefit that can be taken from this is the prohibition of entrusting the People of the Book with goods".

Qadi Abu Bakr said: "The question concerning entrusting property is legislated by the text of Qur'an." This means that the ayat is a legal judgement of absolute validity and of the greatest importance to the religion. Entrusting wealth to non-Muslims is not allowed, but furthermore, taking a non-Muslim as a partner outside Dar al-Islam (where we stand over them) is extremely restricted, because they might cheat or might use our wealth in forbidden transactions. Since paper-money is a promise of payment, can it be permitted to trust the issuers while they hold the payment (our property) outside our jurisdiction? History has also demonstrated repeatedly that paper money has been a permanent instrument of default and cheating the Muslims. In addition, Islamic Law does not permit the use of a promise of payment as a medium of exchange.
 
The Islamic Dinar is now being privately used in more than 22 countries and is currently being minted in four countries. Eventually, the list of countries where it is traded is likely to grow to a much larger number given the larger number of Islamic Countries who are members in the Islamic Development Bank, which includes some 51 countries with a total Muslim population of 1.1 billion (19.2% of the world's population). During 1982, the Islamic Development Bank was prescribed my the IMF as a holder of Special Drawing Rights (SDR's). SDR's are a unit of IMF currency tied to gold. The Islamic Dinar, which is made of gold is a unit of account at the Islamic Development Bank, equal in value to one SDR.
I purchase my 1 Dirham 2.97g .925Ag and 2 Dinars 8.5g .917Au coins from Faizal Osman, when I visited Dubai (UAE) near Karachi Darbar Restaurant, Bur Dubai in Jan 2004. I got a chance to purchase the remaining two coins (5 Dirhams 14.85g .925Ag and 1 Dinar 4.25g .917Au) from Peroza Ahmed in May 2005. She was at that time working at Thomas Cook Rostamani Exchange at Shiekh Zayed Road in Dubai, UAE.

More details about Islamic Mint can be viewed at its own website http://www.islamicmint.com/. Another Islamic Mint branch have been operating from Malaysia, which can be seen at: http://www.islamicmint.com.my.

Similarly by the involvement of International Gold Dinar Indonesian, they have produced one Dirham coin in silver, while 1/2, 1, 2, 8 and 20 Dinar coins in gold, which can be viewed at: http://izham-miyake.blogspot.com/2007_08_01_archive.html with slightly different variant of designs.
 
In the beginning of 2008 Islamic Mint have introduced two more coins: 10 Dirhams in .999 Silver having 30g and 8 Dinar 22K gold having 34g. This time they are operating directly to sell these coins. Their main office is at Abu Dhabi and regional branch and private mint located in Dubai. Their functional website is at: http://www.e-dinar.com/ with images and current prices can be seen at: https://www.e-dinar.com/cgi/shop.cgi
 
 
I got my 10 Dirhams in .999 Silver having 30g from the principal contact person of Islamic Mint: Mr. Thani Alromaithi.[email: info@e-dinar.com. mobile: +971-50-6611-005].
Based on this concept, Kelantan (see my listing), one of the Malaysian State has minted 1/4, 1/2, 1 and 2 Dinar gold coins in 2006, which can be viewed at: http://www.dinarkel.com/wtb.html.
 
 
Micro-Nations
 
Chiefa Coins