A cyber-based micro-nation
founded on 01st March 1998 is based in Wells, Maine. It is an organization
dedicated to the study and restoration of ancient Roman culture. Location is
known as worldwide with no territory claimed. Rulers are two Censors, and
other Roman Magistrates elected from citizens on a yearly basis.
Seated figure of Iuppiter Optimus Maximus, (Jupiter, Best and Greatest) holding
Winged Victory. The letters "IOM", the abbreviation of Jupiter's
name and title, appear below. Legend around the rim of coin reads:
NOVA ROMA - AEQUITAS (equality) - CONCORDIA (harmony) -
Imprint: SPQR (Senatus Populusque Romanus) in wreath, the symbol
of Nova Roma. Below is imprinted the coin denomination, I SESTERTIUS. Legend
around the rim of coin reads: DECLARATIO NOVA ROMA (Declaration of Nova
Roma) - KAL MAR MMDCCLI AVC (Kalends of March, 2751 AUC, or 1st of
March, 2751, Ab Urbi Conditum, or "The Year of the
City".) This commemorates the founding of Nova Roma, March 1,
1998. They use the Roman Calendar, which commenced when Rome was
founded in 753 BC.
Their “trade token” is customarily placed in actual circulation at all
their events (such as the annual Roman Days). Details of this trade coin can
be viewed at http://www.novaroma.org/macellum/coins.html.
The value of this coin is equivalent to 50 cents of United States.
The obverse "device" (the picture part) shows the Capitolium (Temple of Capitoline Iuppiter) with the Capitoline Triad of Iuno, Iuppiter and Minerva on the porch. This was also done on Roman coins.
The building is topped by a quadriga (as it actually was) that is coming toward the viewer. Only the fronts of the horses are shown. The roof is bordered by seashell antefixi. The pedimental sculpture is a “vajra” lightning bolt. This pedimental decoration was actually shown on Capitolium coins of the Republic. It is a very important symbol, appearing in a somewhat altered form on Roman shields. This vajra also figures importantly in Buddhist art, symbolizing power and authority. It is believed that the vajra was taken into Buddhist art at a very early period, under the influence of Hellenistic art, which also transmitted conventions of pose and draping. Thus the vajra, well attested to in Roman art, forms a bridge across continents, cultures and ages, always as a symbol of power. Only we Romans retain it in anything like its original context.
The building shown here is Corinthian order. Note that the fluting is drawn to suggest the roundness of the columns, with the center flute being somewhat wider than the flanking ones. A Capitolium coin from the time of Domitian showed the columns this way, and it is a very dramatic feature, fine and delicate but linear, forming part of the frame around the central figures. The columns and capitals will tax the die-cutter's art to the limit. The architrave is somewhat simplified and the dentils rather over sized, but again, they are still pushing the limit of the die-cutter's skill.
The entire temple sits on a simple base supported by the large legend “NOVA•ROMA”. This symbolically shows that Nova Roma supports the Religio and provides a new home and welcome for the Roman deities. The figures, as mentioned above, are all based on extant sculptures and the poses are consistent with those on actual Roman coins. Iuno on the left is shown as a proper and dutiful wife, wearing a stola but crowned with a diadem. She makes an offering from a patera while holding her staff in her hand. Iuppiter is shown seated, holding his scepter which disappears out of view above. He catches his constant companion Victory in his hand, who offers him a wreath. Next to Iuppiter is a symbol of Terminus, who of all the Gods refused to make way for the Temple of Iuppiter, foreshadowing the stability of the city and the Romans.
On the right is Minerva, a dutiful daughter. She holds her spear and shield, showing, along with her stern look, that she is ready to defend family and home. She wears the aegis, adding to her fearsome look, but it is possible to see that she is still a young woman. Together with Iuno and Iuppiter she forms a family group, showing the central importance of the family to the Romans. At the base of the coin, curved against the rim is the word “SESTERTIVS”. This word never appeared on Roman coins, but as modern Romans we need a bit of help, and it corrects the “SESTERTIUS” of the original coins.
The surrounding legend (FR•APVLO•C•LAENATE•COS) is the consular date for the year MMDCCLVIII AUC. The central figure is a common one from coins of the Republic, Iuppiter in a quadriga driven by Victory. Iuppiter again holds his staff, and now wields a vajra thunderbolt in his upraised arm. Victory, wings spread behind her, holds the reins. The horses go forward with energy but with dignity. Iuppiter, Victory and the vajra tie the reverse image to the obverse, and the seated Iuppiter with Victory on the obverse ties this coin thematically to the previous Sestertius Signum, the "Declaratio".
Purpose of coinage:
To build an active trade economy for Nova Roma.
To act as a promotional/collectable item to encourage public interest in Nova Roma.
To be a physical token of sovereignty, available to all Citizens.
To help provide a Roman atmosphere at live Nova Roma events.
To enhance Nova Roma's status as a viable organization/micronation.
To help build a legacy for Nova Roma. (Coins can last centuries, after all!)
To provide a Roman item that can be used as an offering to the deities of the Religio Romana.
Nova Roma sets the redemption value of its coins at 50 US cents (or the equivalent in other currencies) to 1 Sestertius. Nova Roma guarantees to redeem coins at this value so that they may be used as trade coinage at events, within NR Provinciae, trade with Ordo Equester vendors and more. Coins that have been deliberately defaced or altered are non-reedemable.
NOVA ROMA is an organization dedicated to the study and restoration of ancient Roman culture. From its legendary founding in 753 BCE to 330 CE, when it ceased to be the center of Imperial authority, Rome set the standard and laid the foundation for modern Western Civilization. Rome civilized the world, and Nova Roma see's the need for that divine mission to be kept alive.
Founded 2,750 years after the Eternal City itself, NOVA ROMA seeks to bring back those golden times. But where ancestors imposed their will through the sword and the legions, they intend the same result through the spread of knowledge and through there own virtuous example.
In April, 2003 the Senate of Nova Roma approved the purchase of a 10-acre ranch in Texas, USA. (Nova Roma's America Austroccidentalis Provincia.) This land is a symbol of Nova Roma's dedication to our future goal of a larger world capital. It is also is a confirmation of Nova Roma's existence as a viable organization with practical real world objectives.
The parcel of land Nova Roma purchased is located in Culberson County in West Texas. The land serves both as a symbolic world capital, and also as the ager publicus (public land). Any Citizen of Nova Roma is welcome to visit it should they travel to the area. Currently the land owned by Nova Roma is undeveloped.
As more Citizens join America Austroccidentalis Provincia, the land may be used for several purposes, including gatherings, Religio Romana rites, historical encampments, or even the raising of a physical building such as a temple. (This area of Texas is very similar to parts of such ancient Eastern Provinces as Dacia, Moesia and Armenia. It would make an excellent place to research various aspects of Roman frontier military and civilian life.)
Ultimately, Nova Roma's goal is to own at least 108 contiguous acres of land, where they hope to build an administrative world capital as a cultural and spiritual homeland for the Citizens that live around the world. The land is the first step toward that goal. Nova Roma may obtain other land and/or properties as well by purchase or donation to continue working toward a true manifestation of its community. (Nova Roma is a tax-exempt nonprofit organization incorporated in the United States, meaning donations of land or money ad fundos res (land fund) are tax-deductible for American citizens.)