In the very heart
of the Georgia is situated Tskhinvali / South Ossetia. At an altitude of
1000 meters and more above the sea level is to be found 89.3 % of the
territory of South Ossetia. The mountain landscape also determined largely
South Ossetia's climate. It is shielded against the cold northern winds by
the Main Caucasus Range, which results in the fact that even at great
heights it is warmer here than in the Northern Caucasus.
Administratively it is divided into four regions: the
Tskhinval, Dzhava, Leningori and Znaur. The industrial, cultural, and
administrative centre of the Republic of South Ossetia is it's capital, the
city of Tskhinval. In South Ossetia
reside Russians, Georgians, Armenians, Greeks, - a total of 40
On 20 April
1922, after the Sovietization of Georgia in 1921, the South Ossetian
Autonomous Oblast (AO) was formed. Georgian writers have claimed that,
like the Abkhazian ASSR, the South Ossetian AO had been formed by the
Bolsheviks to create permanent sources of tension, so as to enable the
Kremlin to control Georgia more easily. Both Abkhazia and South Ossetia
were said to be run on an ethnocratic basis, to the detriment of
Georgian national interests. Hence the perceived Georgian need to
curtail if not abolish these autonomous entities. The response from the
South Ossetes was either to try to secure federal status within Georgia
or, failing that, to seek to be reunited with North Ossetia, forming
part of Russia.
bordering countries has been constant. December 1990 the Georgian
Parliament made a move to abolish South Ossetian autonomy which resulted in
violent clashes giving Russia further legitimation for intervening in
Georgian affairs and ultimately contributing to South Ossetia's de facto
separation from Georgia), but it should also be seen as an ill-considered
retaliation for the declaration by the "South Ossetian Democratic Republic"
of its separation from Georgia, which had been made several days before.
What ensued was a territorial war in which both sides were defending "their
land" and which the absence of regular armies made even more brutal.
tendencies within the Ossetian movement had understood very well that
secession from Georgia was a reckless move. Compromises with the Georgian
government would have been possible, insofar as public opinion in Georgia
had never opposed granting quite extensive cultural rights to the
minorities. Only some groups within the Georgian independence movement
attempted to co-operate with these moderate tendencies within the national
minorities. Unfortunately, such attempts were rare and inconsistent.
In 2005 Central Bank of the Republic of South
Ossetia issued a 10 Roubles Coin. Obverse depict: Colorized Enamelled Coat of Arms of South
Reverse depict: The face value
of 10 Roubles. Apparently this is the first coin minted by
this unrecognised state and is 75% silver crown with mintage to 250 pieces.