Yemen Arab Republic (1962-1990)
 

 
The Yemen Arab Republic (YAR; Arabic: الجمهورية العربية اليمنية‎‎ al-Jumhūrīyah al-‘Arabīyah al-Yamanīyah), also known as North Yemen or Yemen (Sana'a), was a country from 1962 to 1990 in the northwestern part of what is now Yemen. Capital: Sana'a. It united with the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, commonly known as South Yemen, on May 22, 1990, to form the current Republic of Yemen.
Following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918 after the Great War, northern Yemen became an independent state as the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen. On 27 September 1962, revolutionaries inspired by the Arab nationalist ideology of United Arab Republic (Egyptian) President Gamal Abdel Nasser deposed the newly crowned King Muhammad al-Badr, took control of Sana'a, and established the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR). This coup d'état marked the beginning of the North Yemen Civil War that pitted YAR troops, assisted by the United Arab Republic (Egypt), against Badr's royalist forces, supported by Saudi Arabia and Jordan. Conflict continued periodically until 1967, when Egyptian troops were withdrawn to join the conflict of the Six-Day War. By 1968, following a final royalist siege of Sana'a, most of the opposing leaders reached a reconciliation. Saudi Arabia recognized the Republic in 1970.
Unlike East and West Germany or North and South Korea, the YAR and its southern neighbor, the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY), also known as South Yemen, remained relatively friendly, though relations were often strained. In 1972 the two nations declared that unification would eventually occur. However, these plans were put on hold in 1979, and war was prevented only by an Arab League intervention. The goal of unity was reaffirmed by the northern and southern heads of state during a summit meeting in Kuwait in March 1979. In May 1988, the YAR and PDRY governments came to an understanding that considerably reduced tensions. They agreed to renew discussions concerning unification, to establish a joint oil exploration area along their undefined border, to demilitarize the border, and to allow Yemenis unrestricted border passage on the basis of a national identification card. Official Yemeni unification took place on May 22, 1990, with a planned, 30-month process, scheduled for completion in November 1992. The first stamp bearing the inscription "Yemen Republic" was issued in October 1990. While government ministries proceeded to merge, both currencies remained valid until 11 June 1996. A civil war in 1994 delayed the completion of the final merger.
 
                  Sep 1597  Qasimi State, called Yemen from c.1905
                      1872  Ottoman occupation
               1876 - 1905  Ottoman annexation
               30 Oct 1918  independence
               02 Sep 1926  Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen internationally recognized
               26 Sep 1962  North Yemen Civil War; ends 01 Dec 1970
               27 Sep 1962  Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen)
               22 May 1990  unification with Dem. Rep. Yemen as Republic of Yemen
 

Arab Republic of Yemen (North Yemen) highlighted in dark Orange in above map.
 
  • President
  • Abdullah al-Sallal................................27 Sep 1962 - 05 Nov 1967
  • He was chairman Revolutionary Command Council to 03 Oct 1962. Al-Sallal led the revolutionary forces that deposed King Muhammad al-Badr and brought the Mutawakkalite Kingdom of Yemen to an end. He presided over the newly founded Yemen Arab Republic (YAR), with close ties to Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt which served as the YAR's strongest ally in the war against the Saudi Arabian-backed Mutawakkalite royalists that lasted into 1968. Yemen's President Abdullah al-Sallal negotiated with tribal leaders after the revolution to help cement the republic, he was later ousted in a bloodless coup led by Abdul Rahman Al-Iryani.
  • Chairman Republican Council
  • Abdul Rahman al-Iryani............................05 Nov 1967 - 13 Jun 1974
  • Abdul Rahman Al-Eryani opposed Egyptian and Saudi interference in Yemen affairs and, with two of his colleagues, Ahmed Noaman and Mohamad Al-Zubairi, he led a strong movement against the foreign involvement of Nasser's Egypt in the Yemeni civil war between republicans and royalists. He was held in Egypt with Noaman in 1966 while their partner Al-Zubairi was assassinated earlier. In 1970, he arrived at a national conciliation agreement with the supporters of the royal regime and established a formal relation with Saudi Arabia. In 1972, he reached an agreement with South Yemen for the unification of the two parts of the country, which constituted the basic foundations for the unification of 1990. It was also during his regime that Yemen had parliamentary elections and permanent constitution for the first time. Al-Eryani went into exile in Syria in 1974, where he eventually died in 1998, aged 89.
  • Lieutenant-Colonel Ibrahim Muhammad al-Hamadi....13 Jun 1974 - 13 Jun 1975
  • He was the leader of a military coup d'etat in Yemen Arab Republic that overthrew the regime of President Abdul Rahman al-Iryani on June 13, 1974. After the revolt, he was President of the Military Command Council that governed the country. During his rule, he cemented the central government's control over the country, planned on ending tribal loyalty, and Yemen's medieval social classes by proclaiming all Yemenis as equal. He also improved relations with Saudi Arabia.
  • President
  • Ibrahim Muhammad al-Hamadi (continued)..........13 Jun 1975 - 11 Oct 1977
  • On the first day of his presidency and after a quick review in important topics and crowded agenda, he issued emergency order to stop media campaigns against the South and its leadership with assertion that the unity will remain the only option for the Yemeni people no matter how varied opinions and attitudes, because it is a great goal needs a mighty sacrifice. Immediately President Salim Rubai Ali famous as "Salmeen" reciprocated the same desire and the same sense, setting a strong relationship between two of them which has taken a personal nature more than the official. Al-Hamdi's civil and economic policies helped bring Yemen into the 21st Century by building hundreds of new schools and eleven hospitals countrywide as well as the paving of more than 2,000 roads, He also planned on improving ties with Marxist People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. On October 11, 1977 al-Hamdi was murdered along with his brother by Saudi Arabian funded agents believed to be from the Al-Ahmar tribe, who are known dependents of the Saudi monarchy. Al-Hamdi's murder was never officially investigated. To this day al-Hamdi remains as Yemen's most beloved President.
  • Chairman Presidential Council
  • Major General Ahmad bin Hussein al-Ghashmi.....11 Oct 1977 - 22 Apr 1978
  • President
  • Ahmad bin Hussein al-Ghashmi (continued).......22 Apr 1978 - 24 Jun 1978
    Ghashmi himself was assassinated. His assassination occurred when he was meeting an envoy sent by People's Democratic Republic of Yemen by President Salim Rubai Ali and a briefcase, reportedly containing a secret message, exploded, killing both al-Ghashmi and the envoy. It is not conclusively known who set off the explosion. Coincidentally, Rubai Ali died in a coup three days after this event.
  • Chairman Presidential Council
  • Abdul Karim Abdullah al-Arashi.................24 Jun 1978 - 18 Jul 1978
  • He was Vice President of Yemen Arab Republic and speaker of the Constituent People's Assembly from 11 October 1977 to 24 June 1978.
  • President
  • Ali Abdullah Saleh Al-Sanhani Al-Humairi.......18 Jul 1978 - 22 May 1990
  • Saleh continued as President of the unified Republic of Yemen from 22 May 1990 to 27 February 2012.
 
 
Rial = 40 buqsha = 80 halala = 160 zalat
Currency: In 1962, the Arab Republic first issued bronze ½ and 1 buqsha,  1⁄20,  1⁄10,  2⁄10 and ¼ rial in a similar style to those of the last king. These were followed in 1963 by a new coinage, consisting of aluminium-bronze ½, 1, and 2 buqsha and silver 5, 10 and 20 buqsha and 1 rial. In 1974, the new decimal coinage was introduced consisting of aluminium 1 fils, brass 5 and 10 fils, and cupro-nickel 25 and 50 fils. Cupro-nickel 1 Rial followed in 1976.
 
AH 1382 (1962)
 

Y#20 1/80 Rial (Half Buqsha). Year: AH1382 [1962]. Weight: 3.23 g. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 22.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Sana'a. 
Obverse: "لا إله إلا الله" (There is no god but Allah) written at the top outside the center circle. Value "ثمن عشر" (eighth of one tenth = 1/80) within the center circle. "ضرب" (Struck) written at the lower right side. "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a) written at the lower left side. One star on side side. Date "١٣٨٢" (1382) written at the bottom with word "سنة" (Year) below it. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) written at the top. Hand holding flame torch within center circle. Date "١٣٨٢" (1382) written at the bottom with word "سنة" (Year) below it. Mintage: N/A. Mintage Years: One year type.

Y#21.1 1/80 Rial (Half Buqsha). Year: AH1382 [1962]. Weight: 3.08 g. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 22.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Sana'a. 
Obverse: "لا إله إلا الله" (There is no god but Allah) written at the top outside the center circle. Value "ثمن عشر" (eighth of one tenth = 1/80) within the center circle. "ضرب" (Struck) written at the lower right side. "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a) written at the lower left side. One star on side side. Date "١٣٨٢" (1382) written at the bottom with word "سنة" (Year) below it. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) written at the top. Yemen Flag having star between two lines in the center circle. Date "١٣٨٢" (1382) written at the bottom with word "سنة" (Year) below it. Mintage: N/A. Mintage Years: One year type. Note: Y#21.2 exists as outlined star or dot in star variety.

Y#32 1/80 Rial (Half Buqsha). Year: AH1382 [1962]. Weight: 3.28 g. Metal: Bronze. Diameter: 22.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Coin. Mint: Sana'a. 
Obverse: "لا إله إلا الله" (There is no god but Allah) written at the top outside the center circle. Value "١/٢" (1/2) written in the center circle. "ضرب" (Struck) written at the lower right side. "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a) written at the lower left side. One star on side side. Date "١٣٨٢" (1382) written at the bottom with word "سنة" (Year) below it. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) written at the top. Yemen Flag having star between two lines in the center circle. Date "١٣٨٢" (1382) written at the bottom with word "سنة" (Year) below it. Mintage: N/A. Mintage Years: One year type. Note: Varieties exists.

Y#22 1/40 Rial (Buqsha). Year: AH1382 [1962]. Weight: 5.50 g. Metal: Copper. Diameter: 26.50 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Sana'a.

Type1: Abstract bird flying at the top and Long thin stroke (/) at the bottom in the center circle. Two stokes in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side four rays on Large torch and Date touching the center circle. Very thick "سنة" (Year) written below the Date.

Obverse: "لا إله إلا الله" (There is no god but Allah) written at the top outside the center circle. Value "ربع عشر" (Quarter of one tenth = 1/40) within the center circle. "ضرب" (Struck) written at the lower right side. "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a) written at the lower left side. One star on side side. Date "١٣٨٢" (1382) written at the bottom with word "سنة" (Year) below it. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) written at the top. Hand holding flame torch within center circle. Date "١٣٨٢" (1382) written at the bottom with word "سنة" (Year) below it. Mintage: N/A. Mintage Years: AH1382-1384 (1962-1964).

Weight: 5.86 g. Metal: Copper. Alignment: Rotated (8 o'clock).

Type2: Small thick stroke (/) in the center circle. Two stokes in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side four rays on Large torch. 

Weight: 5.94 g. Metal: Brass. Alignment: Rotated (7 o'clock).

Type3: Long thin stroke (/) in the center circle. This type is unique from all other types, as the three dots within the center circle has one dot above the other two dots. Two long stokes in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 11 o'clock. On the reverse side four rays on Large torch. Dates of both sides are very close to the center circle.

Weight: 6.05 g. Metal: Copper-Brass. Alignment: Medal.

Type4: One stroke (/) in the center circle. One stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 11 o'clock. On the reverse side four rays on Large torch. Thick "Sannah" (wave symbol) below the Date on both sides if compared with above type.

Weight: 5.46 g. Metal: Copper. Alignment: Medal.

Type5: Normal stroke (/) in the center circle. One stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side four rays on Large torch and Thick Date far from the center circle. 

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 5.24 g. Metal: Copper-Brass. Alignment: Rotated (7 o'clock).

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 6.04 g. Metal: Brass. Alignment: Medal. 

Weight: 5.17 g. Metal: Bronze. Alignment: Medal.

Type6: Normal stroke (/) in the center circle. Three stoke (two above and one below) in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side four rays on Large torch. 

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 5.82 g. Metal: Copper. Alignment: Rotated (8 o'clock).

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 4.26 g. Metal: Brass. Alignment: Medal.

Weight: 6.69 g. Metal: Bronze. Alignment: Medal.

Type7: Normal stroke (/) in the center circle. Two stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side five straight rays on torch.

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 6.83 g. Metal: Copper. Alignment: Rotated (7 o'clock).

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 7.13 g. Metal: Brass. Alignment: Rotated (7 o'clock).

Same as above coin but has an extra small thick bar at the bottom of Obverse (Value) side. Weight: 6.11 g.

Weight: 5.87 g. Metal: Bronze. Alignment: Medal.

Type8: No stroke in the center circle. Two stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. Large Date with overlapping double "3". On the reverse side five tilted rays on torch.

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 6.16 g. Metal: Copper. Alignment: Medal.

Same as above Coin, but Clipped. Weight: 5.62 g.

Weight: 5.40 g. Metal: Bronze. Alignment: Rotated (7 o'clock).

Type9: Normal stroke (/) in the center circle. Two stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. Large Date. On the reverse side nine tilted rays on torch.

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 5.37 g. Metal: Brass. Alignment: Medal.

Y#23.2 1/20 Rial. Year: AH1382 [1962]. Weight: 0.78 g. Metal: 0.720 Silver. Diameter: 15.50 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Rotated. Mint: Sana'a.

Note: Thin variety 0.60 - 0.90 g.

Obverse: "لا إله إلا الله" (There is no god but Allah) written at the top outside the center circle. Value "نصف عشر" (Half of one tenth = 1/20) within the center circle. "ضرب" (Struck) written at the lower right side. "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a) written at the lower right side. One star on side side. Date "١٣٨٢" (1382) written at the bottom with word "سنة" (Year) below it. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) written at the top. Tree with two stones on top row of wall within center circle. Date "١٣٨٢" (1382) written at the bottom with word "سنة" (Year) below it. Mintage: N/A. Mintage Years: One year type. Note: Y#23.1 has three stones on top row and it considered as Thick variety (1.10 - 1.60 g).

Y#24.2 1/10 Rial. Year: AH1382 [1962]. Weight: 1.89 g. Metal: 0.720 Silver. Diameter: 19.50 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Sana'a.

Note: Thin variety 1.40-1.80 g. Edge varieties exists and also varying number of stones in wall. 

Obverse: "لا إله إلا الله" (There is no god but Allah) written at the top outside the center circle. Value "عشر" (One tenth = 1/10) within the center circle. "ضرب" (Struck) written at the lower right side. "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a) written at the lower right side. One star on side side. Date "١٣٨٢" (1382) written at the bottom with word "سنة" (Year) below it. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) written at the top. Tree with four stones on top row of wall within center circle. Date "١٣٨٢" (1382) written at the bottom with word "سنة" (Year) below it. Mintage: N/A. Mintage Years: One year type. Note: Y#24.2 has three or four stones on top row and it considered as Thick variety with weight 2.40 - 3.00 g.

 
AH 1382 - 1962 set
 

Y#26 ½ Buqsha. Year: AH1382 - 1963. Weight: 2.38 g. Metal: Copper-Aluminum. Diameter: 18.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Cairo, Egypt. Obverse: Leafy branch within wreath and Date "١٣٨۲ - ۱۹٦٣" (1382-1962) below. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) written at the top. Value "١/٢" (1/2) with "نصف بقشة" (Half Buqsha) written within center circle. Wreath at the bottom section. Mintage: 10,000,000. Mintage Years: One year type. Note: Varieties exist.

Y#27 Buqsha. Year: AH1382 - 1963. Weight: 3.64 g. Metal: Copper-Aluminum. Diameter: 21.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Cairo, Egypt. Leafy branch within wreath and Date "١٣٨۲ - ۱۹٦٣" (1382-1962) below. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) written at the top. Value "١" (1) with "بقشة" (Buqsha) written within center circle. Wreath at the bottom section. Mintage: 10,377,000. Mintage Years: One year type.

Y#A27 2 Buqsha. Year: AH1382 - 1963. Weight: 4.83 g. Metal: Copper-Aluminum. Diameter: 23.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Cairo, Egypt. Obverse: Leafy branch within wreath and Date "١٣٨۲ - ۱۹٦٣" (1382-1962) below. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) written at the top. Value "٢" (2) with "بقشة" (Buqsha) written within center circle. Wreath at the bottom section. Mintage: N/A. Mintage Years: One year type.

Y#28 5 Buqsha. Year: AH1382 - 1963. Weight: 2.51 g. Metal: 0.720 Silver. Diameter: 19.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Cairo, Egypt. Obverse: Leafy branch within wreath and Date "١٣٨۲ - ۱۹٦٣" (1382-1962) below. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) written at the top. Value "٥" (5) with "بقشة" (Buqsha) written within center circle. Wreath at the bottom section. Mintage: 1,600,000. Mintage Years: One year type.

Y#29 10 Buqsha. Year: AH1382 - 1963. Weight: 4.86 g. Metal: 0.720 Silver. Diameter: 24.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Cairo, Egypt. Obverse: Leafy branch within wreath and Date "١٣٨۲ - ۱۹٦٣" (1382-1962) below. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) written at the top. Value "١٠" (10) with "بقشة" (Buqsha) written within center circle. Wreath at the bottom section. Mintage: 1,024,000. Mintage Years: One year type.

Y#30 20 Buqsha. Year: AH1382 - 1963. Weight: 9.90 g. Metal: 0.720 Silver. Diameter: 30.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Cairo, Egypt. Obverse: Leafy branch within wreath and Date "١٣٨۲ - ۱۹٦٣" (1382-1962) below. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) written at the top. Value "٢٠" (20) with "بقشة" (Buqsha) written within center circle. Wreath at the bottom section. Mintage: 1,016,000. Mintage Years: One year type.

Y#31 One Rial. Year: AH1382 - 1963. Weight: 19.79 g. Metal: 0.720 Silver. Diameter: 39.50 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Cairo, Egypt. Obverse: Leafy branch within wreath and Date "١٣٨۲ - ۱۹٦٣" (1382-1962) below. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) written at the top. Value "ريال واحد" (One Rial) written within center circle. Wreath at the bottom section. Mintage: 4,614,000. Mintage Years: One year type.
 
AH 1383 (1963)
The observe side has AH 1383 date while the torch side keep the Republic year AH 1382 on 1/40 Rial coins.
 

Y#22 1/40 Rial (Buqsha). Year: AH1383 [1963]. Weight: 5.72 g. Metal: Rotated (7 o'clock). Diameter: 26.50 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: Sana'a.

Type1: No stroke (/) in the center circle. No stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side four rays on Medium torch.

Obverse: "لا إله إلا الله" (There is no god but Allah) written at the top outside the center circle. Value "ربع عشر" (Quarter of one tenth = 1/40) within the center circle. "ضرب" (Struck) written at the lower right side. "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a) written at the lower right side. One star on side side. Date "١٣٨٢" (1382) written at the bottom with word "سنة" (Year) below it. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) written at the top. Hand holding flame torch within center circle. Date "١٣٨٢" (1382) written at the bottom with word "سنة" (Year) below it. Mintage: N/A. Mintage Years: AH1382-1384 (1962-1964).

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 5.79 g. Metal: Copper. Alignment: Medal.

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 5.15 g. Metal: Copper-Brass. Alignment: Medal.

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 4.90 g. Metal: Brass. Alignment: Rotated (5 o'clock).

Weight: 5.52 g. Metal: Bronze. Alignment: Medal.

Type2: No stroke (/) in the center circle. No stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). No "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side four rays on Small torch and stroke (/) very close to two dots at 8 o'clock. 

Weight: 5.83 g. Metal: Bronze. Alignment: Rotated (7 o'clock).

Type3: No stroke (/) in the center circle. No stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side four rays on Small torch and overlapping double "2" in Date.

Weight: 5.40 g. Metal: Copper. Alignment: Medal.

Type4: No stroke (/) in the center circle. No stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "و" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side four rays on Small torch and overlapping double "2" in Date.

Weight: 5.74 g. Metal: Copper. Alignment: Medal.

Type5: No stroke (/) in the center circle. No stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side four rays on Medium torch. This coin is Clipped.

Weight: 6.50 g. Metal: Bronze. Alignment: Medal.

Type6: No stroke (/) in the center circle. No stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side five tilted rays on torch.

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 5.43 g. Metal: Copper. Alignment: Medal.

Weight: 6.14 g. Metal: Bronze. Alignment: Medal.

Type7: No stroke (/) in the center circle. No stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). No "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side five tilted rays on torch.

Same as above Type amd Metal but having extra material on Obverse side at 2 o' clock. Weight: 6.17 g.
 
AH 1384 (1964)
The observe side has AH 1384 date while the torch side keep the Republic year AH 1382 on 1/40 Rial coins. Later type has AH 1384 date on both sides.
 

Weight: 4.57 g. Metal: Bronze. Alignment: Medal.

Type1: Date: AH 1384 (obverse) - AH 1382 (reverse). Stroke (/) in the center circle. No stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side five tilted rays on torch. This coin is Clipped.

Weight: 5.63 g. Metal: Brass. Alignment: Medal.

Type2: Date: AH 1384/3 (obverse) - AH 1382/2 (reverse). No Stroke (/) in the center circle. No stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side four rays on Small torch.

Weight: 5.96 g. Metal: Bronze. Alignment: Medal.

Type3: Date: AH 1384 (both sides). No Stroke (/) in the center circle. No stoke in the Arabic word "بصنعاء" (at Sana'a). "هـ" character seen at 10 o'clock. On the reverse side four rays on Medium torch.

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 5.28 g. Metal: Copper. Alignment: Medal.

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 5.93 g. Metal: Brass. Alignment: Medal.

Same as above Type but different metal.

Weight: 6.00 g.

Metal: Brass with Copper wash. Alignment: Medal.

 
AH 1394 - 1974
 

Y#33 One Fils. Year: AH1394 - 1974. Weight: 0.61 g. Metal: Aluminum. Diameter: 15.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint.

Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "۱" (1) with "فلس" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٧٤-١٣٩٤" (1974-1394) written at the bottom.

Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 1,000,000 (estimated) + 5,024 Proof. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974) and AH 1400 (1980).

Y#34 5 Fils. Year: AH1394 - 1974. Weight: 2.80 g. Metal: Brass. Diameter: 21.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint.

Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "٥" (5) with "فلوس" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٧٤-١٣٩٤" (1974-1394) written at the bottom. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 10,000,000 (estimated) + N/A Proof. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974) and AH 1400 (1980).

Y#38 5 Fils. Year: AH1394 - 1974. Weight: 2.75 g. Metal: Brass. Diameter: 21.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint.

Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "٥" (5) with "فلوس" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٧٤-١٣٩٤" (1974-1394) written at the bottom.

Reverse: "لزيادة انتاج المحاصيل الغذائية" (To increase the production of food crops) written in small legends in Arabic at the top. "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 500,000. Mintage Years: One year type. Subject: Food and Agriculture (FAO) issue.

Y#35 10 Fils. Year: AH1394 - 1974. Weight: 4.31 g. Metal: Brass. Diameter: 23.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint.

Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "١٠" (10) with "فلوس" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٧٤-١٣٩٤" (1974-1394) written at the bottom.

Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 20,000,000 + 5,024 Proof. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974) and AH 1400 (1980).

Y#39 10 Fils. Year: AH1394 - 1974. Weight: 4.26 g. Metal: Brass. Diameter: 23.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint.

Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "١٠" (10) with "فلوس" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٧٤-١٣٩٤" (1974-1394) written at the bottom.

Reverse: "لزيادة انتاج المحاصيل الغذائية" (To increase the production of food crops) written in small legends in Arabic at the top. "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 200,000. Mintage Years: One year type. Subject: Food and Agriculture (FAO) issue.

Y#36 25 Fils. Year: AH1394 - 1974. Weight: 3.03 g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 20.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint.

Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "٢٥" (25) with "فلسا" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٧٤-١٣٩٤" (1974-1394) written at the bottom.

Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 15,000,000 + 5,024 Proof. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974), AH 1399 (1979) and AH 1400 (1980).

Y#40 25 Fils. Year: AH1394 - 1974. Weight: 3.01 g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 20.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint.

Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "٢٥" (25) with "فلسا" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٧٤-١٣٩٤" (1974-1394) written at the bottom.

Reverse: "لزيادة انتاج المحاصيل الغذائية" (To increase the production of food crops) written in small legends in Arabic at the top. "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 40,000. Mintage Years: One year type. Subject: Food and Agriculture (FAO) issue.

Y#37 50 Fils. Year: AH1394 - 1974. Weight: 5.30 g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 24.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint.

Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "٥٠" (50) with "فلسا" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٧٤-١٣٩٤" (1974-1394) written at the bottom.

Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 10,000,000 + 5,024 Proof. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974), AH 1399 (1979), AH 1400 (1980) and AH 1405 (1985).

Y#41 50 Fils. Year: AH1394 - 1974. Weight: 5.31 g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 24.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint.

Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "٥٠" (50) with "فلسا" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٧٤-١٣٩٤" (1974-1394) written at the bottom.

Reverse: "لزيادة انتاج المحاصيل الغذائية" (To increase the production of food crops) written in small legends in Arabic at the top. "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 25,000. Mintage Years: One year type. Subject: Food and Agriculture (FAO) issue.
 
AH 1396 - 1976
 

Y#42 One Rial. Year: AH1396 - 1976. Weight: 7.95 g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 28.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "١" (1) with "ريال" (Rial) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٧٦-١٣٩٦" (1976-1396) written at the bottom. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 7,800,000. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974), AH 1400 (1980) and AH 1405 (1985).
 
AH 1398 - 1978
 

Y#43 One Fils. Year: AH1398 - 1978. Weight: 0.60 g. Metal: Aluminum. Diameter: 15.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "۱" (1) with "فلس" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٧٨-١٣٩٨" (1978-1398) written at the bottom.

Reverse: "لزيادة انتاج المحاصيل الغذائية" (To increase the production of food crops) written in small legends in Arabic at the top. "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 7,050. Mintage Years: One year type. Subject: Food and Agriculture (FAO) issue.

Y#44 One Rial. Year: AH1398 - 1978. Weight: 8.04 g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 28.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "١" (1) with "ريال" (Rial) written within the center circle.Date "١٩٧٨-١٣٩٨" (1978-1398) written at the bottom. Reverse: "لزيادة انتاج المحاصيل الغذائية" (To increase the production of food crops) written in small legends in Arabic at the top. "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 7,050. Mintage Years: One year type. Subject: Food and Agriculture (FAO) issue.
 
AH 1399 - 1979
 

Y#36 25 Fils. Year: AH1399 - 1979. Weight: 2.99 g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 20.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint.

Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "٢٥" (25) with "فلسا" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٧٩-١٣٩٩" (1979-1399) written at the bottom.

Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 11,000,000. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974), AH 1399 (1979) and AH 1400 (1980).

Y#37 50 Fils. Year: AH1399 - 1979. Weight: 5.31 g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 24.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint.

Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "٥٠" (50) with "فلسا" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٧٩-١٣٩٩" (1979-1399) written at the bottom.

Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 4,000,000. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974), AH 1399 (1979), AH 1400 (1980) and AH 1405 (1985).
 
AH 1400 - 1980 proof set
 

Y#33 One Fils. Year: AH1400 - 1980. Weight: 0.60 g. Metal: Aluminum. Diameter: 15.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "۱" (1) with "فلس" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٨٠-١٤٠٠" (1980-1400) written at the bottom.
Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 10,000 Proof. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974) and AH 1400 (1980).

Y#34 5 Fils. Year: AH1400 - 1980. Weight: 2.75 g. Metal: Brass. Diameter: 21.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "٥" (5) with "فلوس" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٨٠-١٤٠٠" (1980-1400) written at the bottom. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 10,000 Proof. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974) and AH 1400 (1980).

Y#35 10 Fils. Year: AH1400 - 1980. Weight: 4.31 g. Metal: Brass. Diameter: 24.00 mm. Edge: Plain. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "١٠" (10) with "فلوس" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٨٠-١٤٠٠" (1980-1400) written at the bottom. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 10,000 Proof. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974) and AH 1400 (1980).

Y#36 25 Fils. Year: AH1400 - 1980. Weight: 3.00 g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 20.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "٢٥" (25) with "فلسا" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٨٠-١٤٠٠" (1980-1400) written at the bottom. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 10,000 Proof. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974), AH 1399 (1979) and AH 1400 (1980).

Y#37 50 Fils. Year: AH1400 - 1980. Weight: 5.30 g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 24.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "٥٠" (50) with "فلسا" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٨٠-١٤٠٠" (1980-1400) written at the bottom. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 10,000 Proof. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974), AH 1399 (1979), AH 1400 (1980) and AH 1405 (1985).

Y#42 One Rial. Year: AH1400 - 1980. Weight: 8.20 g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 28.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "١" (1) with "ريال" (Rial) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٨٠-١٤٠٠" (1980-1400) written at the bottom. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: 10,000 Proof. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974), AH 1400 (1980) and AH 1405 (1985).
 
AH 1405 - 1985
 

Y#37 50 Fils. Year: AH1405 - 1985. Weight: 5.28 g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 24.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint.

Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "٥٠" (50) with "فلسا" (fils) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٨٥-١٤٠٥" (1985-1405) written at the bottom.

Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: N/A. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974), AH 1399 (1979), AH 1400 (1980) and AH 1405 (1985).

Y#42 One Rial. Year: AH1405 - 1985. Weight: 7.89 g. Metal: Copper-Nickel. Diameter: 28.00 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse: "البنك المركزى اليمنى" (Central bank of Yemen) written at the top section. Value "١" (1) with "ريال" (Rial) written within the center circle. Date "١٩٨٥-١٤٠٥" (1985-1405) written at the bottom. Reverse: "الجمهورية العربية اليمنية" (Arab Republic of Yemen) emblem in the center. Mintage: N/A. Mintage Years: AH 1394 (1974), AH 1400 (1980) and AH 1405 (1985).
 
 
Early coins of Yemen dynasties:

Click below on earlier coinage of British India used in South of Yemen (Aden):

  • East India Company (inc. William IV and Victoria)16 Aug 1765 - 30 Sep 1858
  • Victoria.........................................01 Nov 1858 - 22 Jan 1901
  • Edward VII.......................................22 Jan 1901 - 06 May 1910
  • George V.........................................06 May 1910 - 20 Jan 1936
  • George VI........................................12 Dec 1936 - 15 Aug 1947

Rulers with Coins of Yemen states under British Protectorate:

Mutawakkilite Kingdom coins:

Rulers and Coins of Yemen 1962 to 1990 can be viewed by clicking the below links:

Rulers and Coins of "Republic of Yemen", 1990 to date can be viewed at:

 
 
 
 
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Chiefa Coins